8. Embedded Programming¶
In this week I started programming my designed pcb. Therefor I needed an Arduino uno, a ftdi cable, jumper wires and a usb cable to connect the arduino to my laptop.
To be able to upload a programm to my chip I first had to open the AurduinoISP Sketch (can be found under File>Examples>ArduinoISP). Then I connected the Arduino to my Laptop and selected the correct port, board and programmer unter “tools” (COM6 to me, Arduino uno and Arduino as ISP). Then I uploaded the sketch to the Arduino and disconnected it.
In the next step I hab to connect the Arduino uno to my pcb. Therefor I used th follwing image as an orientation:
I conected the jumper wires to the Arduino as it is shown in the picture. But I had a different pcb, so I looked up the datasheet for my microcontroller (attiny84), and looked for the pins (had so search for the pins MISO, MOSI, RST,VCC and SCK).
As shown in the image above, I had to connect the Arduino GND to microchip pin 14, Arduino VCC to microchip 1, Arduino pin 10 to microchip pin 4 (PB3), Arduino pin 11 to microchip pin 7 (PA6), Arduino pin 12 to microchip pin 8 (PA5) and Arduino pin 13 to microchip pin 9 (PA4).
As soon as it was connected, I selected again the correct port, board, processor and clock under “Tools” (COM6 to me, Attiny 24/44/84, Attiny84, 8MHz). Then I selected “Burn bootloader” under “Tools”.
Now I could write the Code and upload it with programmer later. For that I wrote an array which contains 0 and 1. This array should be read and the LED should be High (blink) when it reads a 1 and Low when it reads 0. The Code looked like this:
First I had to include the SoftwareSerial Library, so I could use the serial monitor. Then I defined the pins. I needed RX and TX because I wanted to use an ftdi cable to transmit data from board to pc. In the void setup I defined the communication begin and setted the LED as an output. In the loop I counted from 0 to 8 (array length) and in every count it was checked if the array at this position was 0 or 1. It would set the LED on HIGH when it was 1 and LOW when it was 0.
Because I couldnt use my LED which was at the pcb, I had to include an extern LED. For that I needed a circuit board, where I connected the LED with a resistor and - and +. The connection looked like this:
The minus pool had to be connected to GND and the plus Part to a free Pin. Now, the LED was cnnected to the Chip. In the last step I just had to connect the pcb to the laptop without the Arduino. Therefor I used the ftdi cable. It has 6 connections, but I only used four. I connected the black one with GND, the red one with +5V, the orange one (RX) to the free pin (I defined as RX in the Code) and the yellow one (TX) with the free pin (I defined as TX).
As last step I connected the ftdi cable with the laptop. The pcb had power and a connection to it. So it executed the code automatically and printed the LED status at the Serial Monitor.